The problem with describing organisms as “higher” or “lower”

In my most recent publication, I was not happy with the use of the terms “higher” and “lower” when referring to various organisms but, despite my objections during draft editing, they were retained. However, I want to take this opportunity to state that these terms are the remnants of outdated beliefs, can lead to a poor understanding of biology and do not belong in scientific text. This issue has been addressed in blogs, online fora and the scientific literature (see references at the end).

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